About San Marino [ Country ]

Here we've distilled information and facts from various sources about the location, size, population, geography, transport, climate, economy, history, government, law, and so on, of San Marino; into a view that makes sense for a traveller to, or within, this country.


Southern Europe, an enclave in central Italy


Mediterranean; mild to cool winters; warm, sunny summers


Rugged mountains


lowest point: Torrente Ausa 55 m
highest point: Monte Titano 755 m

Geo Notes

Landlocked; smallest independent state in Europe after the Holy See and Monaco; dominated by the Apennines

Approved Official Names

conventional long form: Republic of San Marino
conventional short form: San Marino
local long form: Repubblica di San Marino
local short form: San Marino

Capital City

name: San Marino
geographic coordinates: 43 56 N, 12 25 E
time difference: UTC+1
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October

Administrative Divisions

9 municipalities (castelli, singular - castello); Acquaviva, Borgo Maggiore, Chiesanuova, Domagnano, Faetano, Fiorentino, Montegiardino, San Marino Citta, Serravalle

Natuaral Hazards


Environmental Issues


Life Expectancy

total population: 82.95 years
male: 80.45 years
female: 85.68 years (2010 est.)

Sex Ratio

at birth: 1.086 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.14 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.8 male(s)/female
total population: 0.94 male(s)/female (2010 est.)

Languages Spoken


Religions Practiced

Roman Catholic

Legal System

Based on civil law system with Italian law influences; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

National Holiday

Founding of the Republic, 3 September (AD 301)

Telephone System

general assessment: automatic telephone system completely integrated into Italian system
domestic: combined fixed-line and mobile-cellular teledensity 150 telephones per 100 persons
international: country code - 378; connected to Italian international network

Broadcast Media

State-owned public broadcaster operates 1 TV station and 2 radio stations; receives radio and TV broadcasts from Italy (2008)


The third smallest state in Europe (after the Holy See and Monaco), San Marino also claims to be the world's oldest republic. According to tradition, it was founded by a Christian stonemason named Marinus in A.D. 301. San Marino's foreign policy is aligned with that of Italy; social and political trends in the republic also track closely with those of its larger neighbor.

Economy Overview

San Marino's economy relies heavily on its tourism and banking industries, as well as on the manufacture and export of ceramics, clothing, fabrics, furniture, paints, spirits, tiles, and wine. The per capita level of output and standard of living are comparable to those of the most prosperous regions of Italy, which supplies much of its food. San Marino boasts the world's longest life expectancy for men with 80 years. The economy benefits from foreign investment due to its relatively low corporate taxes and low taxes on interest earnings. San Marino has recently faced increased international pressure to improve cooperation with foreign tax authorities and transparency within its own banking sector, which generates about one-fifth of the country's tax revenues. Italy's implementation in October 2009 of a tax amnesty to repatriate untaxed funds held abroad has resulted in financial outflows from San Marino to Italy worth more than $4.5 billion. Such outflows, combined with a money-laundering scandal at San Marino's largest financial institution and the recent global economic downturn, have contributed to a deep recession and growing budget deficit. However, San Marino has no national debt, and an unemployment rate half the size of Italy's. The San Marino government has adopted measures to counter the downturn, including subsidized credit to businesses. San Marino also continues to work towards harmonizing its fiscal laws with EU members and international standards. In September 2009, the OECD removed San Marino from its list of tax havens that have yet to fully implement global tax standards.

National Anthem

name: "Inno Nazionale della Repubblica" (National Anthem of the Republic)
lyrics/music: none/Federico CONSOLO
note: adopted 1894; the music for the lyric-less anthem is based on a 10th century chorale piece

San Marino location map

total: 61 sq km
land: 61 sq km
water: 0 sq km

San Marino flag

31,477 (July 2010 est.)


noun: Sammarinese (singular and plural)
adjective: Sammarinese

Ethnic Groups

Sammarinese, Italian



Independence Date

3 September 301

Government Type


Voting Rights

18 years of age; universal

Internet Users

17,000 (2008)

Internet Hosts

8,895 (2010)

Internet Country Code



total: 292 km
paved: 292 km (2006)

National Budget

revenues: $690.6 million
expenditures: $652.9 million (2006)

Exchange Rates

euros (EUR) per US dollar - 0.7338 (2009), 0.6734 (2008), 0.7345 (2007), 0.7964 (2006), 0.8041 (2005)

Inflation Rate

-3.5% (2008)
-1.5% (2006)

Main Industries

Tourism, banking, textiles, electronics, ceramics, cement, wine

Agricultural Products

Wheat, grapes, corn, olives; cattle, pigs, horses, beef, cheese, hides

Labor Force

22,660 (2008)

Main Occupations

agriculture: 0.1%
industry: 37.7%
services: 62.2% (2008 est.)

Unemployment Rate

3.1% (2008)

GDP (USD Parity)

$1.662 billion (2007)
$850 million (2004 est.)

GDP Per Capita

$41,900 (2007)

Family Income Percent

lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%

Below Poverty